- NSS programme have
expanded both qualitatively and qualitatively over the years. A review
committee was set up by the Government of India in August, 1984. One of the
important recommendations of the committee was that the programme of NSS
had great potential and, therefore, should continue and expand. The
committee also recommended a 10 percent rate of growth of coverage of
students under NSS in each year. This recommendation of the committee has
been accepted by the government and by the end of IX Plan, the target of
covering 20.00 lakh students under the programme is to be achieved.
- Recently, the scheme
has been extended to form an open unit, involving ex-NSS volunteers, and
persons having an aptitude for social work.
NSS at + 2 Stage
scheme at +2 stage was introduced in 1985 on an experimental basis in states of
Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Goa, Gujarat, West Bengal and Union Territory of
Daman and Diu. It has been extended to other states after an evaluation
conducted by specialized agencies. By the year 1992 the S3 programme has been
extended to the States of Gujarat, Kerala, Punjab, Haryana, West Bengal,
Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Goa and Union Territories of Chandigarh, Delhi and
Pondicherry covering 1.60 lakh students. Presently, the total strength of NSS
is more than 1.3 million.
the role of NSS has been appreciated and recognized in the New Education
Policy, the State Governments are requested to increase the coverage. For this
purpose, the State Governments are expected to make necessary provisions in
their budget in order to be able to meet the expenditure on 10 percent increase
in the number of NSS volunteers every year.
Special emphasis in National Policy on Education, 1986 (Revised 1992).
The National Policy on Education 1986, with modification undertaken in 1992
envisages that opportunities will be provided
for the youth to involve themselves in national and social development through
educational institutions and outside agencies, Students will be required to
participate in one or the other existing schemes, namely, the National Service
Scheme, National Cadet Corps. The National Service Volunteer Scheme will also
credit for extension work could be considered and in certain areas directly
related to extension activities like social work and rural development" (National
Policy on Education - Recommendation para 8.22).
strongly reiterate para 8.22 of NPE. Adequate facilities should be provided to
ensure that all students participate in one or the other existing schemes,
particularly National Service Scheme (NSS) and National Cadet Corps (NCC)" Para
13.4 Central Advisory Board of Education Committee on Policy - January,
5.1 In pursuance of the above recommendations the
programme of Action 1992 on National Policy on Education provides that special
incentives be evolved to encourage teachers' interest and participation, quite
apart from incentives to encourage and sustain participation of students and
youth in these programmes. Possible incentives may include the following :-
of the outstanding contribution of teachers to NSS as an extension work under
the third dimension of the university system as equivalent to research work.
incentives for teachers for outstanding contributions under NSS.
incentives for students with outstanding records under NCC, NSS etc. at the
time of their admission to college and university and also for promotion within
colleges land universities.
(Para No, 20, 3.3 Programme of Action 1992 on National
Policy on Education by Government of India, Ministry of Human Resource Development)
5.2 From the
above, it is evident that special emphasis has been given to NSS in National
Policy on Education in which it has been proposed that every student would be
expected to participate either in NSS or NCC. It is now realized that the
scheme is useful for the personality development of the students, particularly
in the context of the present campus situation in our country where the
opportunities to students for personality development and other activities are
scarce. There is thus a need for the Centre and the State Governments to work
towards a situation where all the students in universities, colleges and +2
level can have such opportunities through the NSS and NCC as envisaged in
National Policy on Education.
5. The past
experience of National Service Scheme is quite heartening. It has provided
diversified opportunities to students in schools/colleges and universities to
develop their personality through community service.